PTOLEMY


PTOLEMY
   1) the name of the Macedonian kings of Egypt, of which there were 14 in succession, of whom Ptolemy I., SOTER, was a favourite general of Alexander the Great, and who ruled Egypt from 328 to 285 B.C.; Ptolemy II., PHILADELPHUS, who ruled from 285 to 247, a patron of letters and an able administrator; Ptolemy III., EUERGETES, who ruled from 247 to 222; Ptolemy IV., PHILOPATOR, who ruled from 222 to 205; Ptolemy V., EPIPHANES, who ruled from 205 to 181; Ptolemy, VI., PHILOMETOR, who ruled from 181 to 146; Ptolemy VII., EUERGETES, II., who ruled from 146 to 117; Ptolemy VIII., SOTER, who ruled from 117 to 107, was driven from Alexandria, returning to it in 88, and reigning till 81; Ptolemy X., ALEXANDER I., who ruled from 107 to 88; Ptolemy X. ALEXANDER II., who ruled from 81 to 80; Ptolemy XI., AULETES, who ruled from 80 to 51; Ptolemy XII., who ruled from 51 to 47; Ptolemy XIII., the INFANT KING, who ruled from 47 to 43; Ptolemy XIV., CESARION, the son of Julius Cæsar and Cleopatra, who ruled from 43 to 30.
   2) (CLAUDIUS PTOLEMÆUS)
   ancient astronomer and geographer, born in Egypt; lived in Alexandria in the 2nd century; was the author of the system of astronomy called after him; left behind him two writings bearing one on astronomy and one on geography, along with other works of inferior importance.

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PTOLEMY — PTOLEMY, the common name of monarchs of the Macedonian (or Thirty First) Dynasty who ruled in Egypt from 323 to 30 B.C.E. It is unclear precisely how many such sovereigns there actually were; some scholars give a total of 14 and some 16. Most… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • PTOLEMY° — (Son of Mennaeus), king of Chalcis, in the region of the Lebanon (c. 85–40 B.C.E.). josephus relates that the inhabitants of Damascus despised Ptolemy, and preferred as king of Coele Syria the Nabatean king, Aretas. Ptolemy s position in the area …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ptolemy — Ptolemy1 [täl′ə mē] n. 1. name of a Macedonian dynasty of Egypt founded by Ptolemy I and ruling from 323 to 30 B.C. 2. pl. Ptolemies a member of this dynasty Ptolemy2 [täl′ə mē] 1. (L. name Claudius Ptolomaeus) 2d cent. A.D.; Alexandrian… …   English World dictionary

  • PTOLEMY — (c. 135 B.C.E.), son of Ḥabub (Abubus) and son in law of simeon b. mattathias (the Hasmonean). Ptolemy was strategos (i.e., military and local commander) at Jericho. Plotting to overthrow the Hasmonean House in 135 B.C.E., he invited Simeon and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ptolemy — from Gk. Ptolemaios, lit. warlike, from ptolemos, collateral form of polemos war …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ptolemy — For others with Ptolemy... names, and history of those names, see Ptolemy (name). Ptolemy An early B …   Wikipedia

  • Ptolemy — /tol euh mee/, n., pl. Ptolemies for 2. 1. (Claudius Ptolemaeus) fl. A.D. 127 151, Hellenistic mathematician, astronomer, and geographer in Alexandria. 2. any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty that ruled Egypt 323 30 B.C. * * * I Latin… …   Universalium

  • Ptolemy — (c. 2nd century ad) Egyptian astronomer Virtually nothing is known about the life of Ptolemy (full name Claudius Ptolemaeus). He was probably a Hellenized Egyptian working in the library at Alexandria. He produced four major works the Almagest,… …   Scientists

  • Ptolemy — (d. 58 BC)    King of Cyprus. Illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX by an unknown mistress. When his brother became Ptolemy XII of Egypt in 80 BC, he was given Cyprus to rule. His kingdom was unilaterally annexed by Rome in 58 BC. He was offered the… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Ptolemy — I Ptol•e•my [[t]ˈtɒl ə mi[/t]] n. pl. mies 1) big (Claudius Ptolemaeus) fl. a.d. 127–151, Alexandrian mathematician, astronomer, and geographer 2) big anh any of the kings of the Macedonian dynasty in Egypt 323–30 b.c. II Ptol•e•my [[t]ˈtɒl ə… …   From formal English to slang


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